For a price floor to be effective it must be set above the equilibrium price.
Diagram price floor.
The price floor is determined at rs 4 which is good for workers who will earn more than before.
But this has a flip side too.
The effect of government interventions on surplus.
This is shown by the diagram below.
Perhaps the best known example of a price floor is the minimum wage which is based on the normative view that someone working full time ought to be able to afford a basic standard of living.
National and local governments sometimes implement price controls legal minimum or maximum prices for specific goods or services to attempt managing the economy by direct intervention price controls can be price ceilings or price floors.
How price controls reallocate surplus.
In this case the floor has no practical effect.
Price and quantity controls.
Minimum wage and price floors.
If it s not above equilibrium then the market won t sell below equilibrium and the price floor will be irrelevant.
A few crazy things start to happen when a price floor is set.
This is the currently selected item.
A price floor is the lowest legal price that can be paid in markets for goods and services labor or financial capital.
A price ceiling is the legal maximum price for a good or service while a price floor is the legal minimum price.
Taxation and dead weight loss.
This graph shows a price floor at 3 00.
Thus the actual equilibrium ends up below market equilibrium.
You ll notice that the price floor is above the equilibrium price which is 2 00 in this example.
A price floor can lead to inefficient allocation of sales among sellers and selling high quality goods at a high price when a lower quality item at a lower price would do.
Equilibrium wage rate is rs.
Price floor is a situation when the price charged is more than or less than the equilibrium price determined by market forces of demand and supply.
Simply draw a straight horizontal line at the price floor level.
Service tax is a tax levied by the government on service providers on certain service transactions but is actually borne by the customers.
In the first graph at right the dashed green line represents a price floor set below the free market price.
The original price is p but with the price ceiling the price falls to pmax and the quantity supplied is qs and the quantity demanded is qd.
Example breaking down tax incidence.
In the diagram above the minimum price p2 is below the equilibrium price at p1.
Price floor leads to a lesser number of workers than in case of equilibrium wage.
A price floor could be set below the free market equilibrium price.
The government has mandated a minimum price but the market already bears and is using a higher price.
Price ceilings and price floors.